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ez brag and pour bag

Contact Information:
Performance Seed

PO Box 7126,
St. Cloud, MN 56302

Email: perfseed@att.net
Phone: 320-259-9470
Fax: 320-259-6043

Lawn Seed

Grass FAQ’s

What are the three primary requirements for germination of Grass Seed?
a. Day-time ground temperatures greater than 60 degrees.
b. Moisture.
c. Seed-to-soil contact. The seed must have good contact with the soil

Do I use fertilizer when I plant grass seed?
Yes, it is a good idea to use some fertilizer when you plant grass seed. The fertilizer will help the seedlings to get established. Performance Seed is not in the fertilizer business, so we have no specific recommendations for the type of fertilizer to use. We would recommend using about half of what the label suggests for grass seed, because seedlings can be easily burned through the use of too much fertilizer.

Can I use fertilizer with a pre-emergent herbicide when I plant grass seed?

No, it is not a good idea. Pre-emergent herbicides are effective against crabgrass, which can best be controlled before it emerges. These herbicides may harm the grass seedlings.

When is the best time to plant grass?
The best time to plant is when the daily soil surface temperature exceeds 60 degrees, and is less than 90 degrees, and when there is adequate soil moisture to keep the soil moist throughout germination.

How long do I need to wait for my seeds to germinate?
The germination period varies with the type of seeds being planted. The germination periods for some of the seeds that we sell are as follows:

Annual and Perennial Ryegrass 7-10 days
Creeping Red Fescue 7-10 days
Kentucky Bluegrass 15-22 days

It is essential to keep the soil moist throughout the entire germination period. For Kentucky Bluegrass, this germination period can last up to three weeks.

What setting do I use for my seed spreader?

Performance Seed does not manufacture or recommend any particular spreader models. The general guideline for planting is 5-6 pounds per 1,000 square feet for a new lawn and slightly less – say 3-4 pounds per 1,000 square feet – for over-seeding. The spreader directions should give an indication as to what setting will achieve these seed levels. Another method might be to put 5 pounds of grass seed in the spreader and to then walk off a 30’ by 30’ area, run the spreader over this area and see how much seed is left. Then adjust the spreader such that the 5 pounds will run out when this 30’ by 30’ section is completed. Another method is to adjust the spreader so there are about 4-5 seeds on an area the size of a quarter.

How often should I water my grass seed?
For the grass seeds to germinate properly, the soil should remain moist throughout the germination period. Don’t water so heavily that the water will puddle, but keep the soil moist.

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What soil conditions are required to plant grass seed?
Grass seed will grow in a variety of soil conditions, but the best soil conditions are soils that will offer plants a combination of good drainage / ventilation and good moisture retention. This is often a mixture of sand and loam. Sandy soils offer good ventilation and drainage but poor moisture retention, as the water will drain through the soil quickly. Heavy loam soils, one the other hand, will tend to retain water for too long and will not drain properly. It is detrimental for grass plants to have their roots in water at all times.

My grass didn’t come up – why did that happen and what can I do?
Generally, there are a number of reasons why grass seeds fail to germinate – lack of moisture, too little heat, too much heat, freezing temperatures, poor soil conditions, inadequate sunlight and defective seeds.
• Lack of moisture is the most common reason
• Poor soil conditions can contribute to poor germination
• Seeds are tested prior to shipment, and their germination rates will generally be as stated on the label

More weeds than grass came up. Why?
The amount of weed seeds in the grass we sell is specifically stated on the package. In most cases the weed percentages is less than ¼ of 1% or .25%. The weeds that have emerged are therefore not coming from the grass seed package. The weed seeds are probably resident in the soil and the weather conditions have been favorable for their emergence. In particular, hot weather (above 85 degrees) is particularly favorable for weed seeds in lawns planted with cool season grasses.

What type of seed grows best in my area?

The products sold by Performance Seed include perennial ryegrasses, creeping red fescues and kentucky bluegrass. These grasses are all referred to as ‘cool season’ grasses and will perform very well when planted north of the Mason-Dixon Line. We therefore recommend that these seeds be planted throughout most of the northeast and the upper Midwest.

How much sunlight do I need to plant the various grass seed products?
The sunlight required by different grasses varies:
KBG - requires full sun to moderate shade (in full sun at least half the time)

Creeper - very shade tolerant (in full sun about 20% of the time)

Ryegrass - requires full sun to moderate shade (in full sun at least half the time) * • For areas that receive full sun to moderate shade (about half the time in full sunlight), we recommend Easy Green, Sunny Mix, KBG, Northern Blend and Landscaper’s Mix.

• For areas that receive from 25% to 50% full sunlight, we recommend Shady Mix, Thick ‘n Hardy, Northern Blend, Midwest Masterblend or Landscaper’s Mix.

• For shady areas (in full sun about 20% of the time), we recommend Shady Mix.

I have grass seed from prior years in my garage. Will this still work?

Yes, as long as the seeds have been kept in cool and dry locations. The germination rate will usually drop about 6-7% per year, so the performance of the prior year’s seed will not be quite as good as this year’s product. Use a little more of the seed, and the results should be fine.

Can I plant grass seeds throughout the summer?

Yes, but it is more difficult to successfully plant grass during the hottest parts of the summer. This is for two reasons. First of all, it is more difficult to keep the seedlings moist during very hot periods. The soil dries out much more quickly. Second, the cool season grasses we sell (ryegrass, creeper and KBG) do best when the temperatures are between 70 and 85 degrees. At these temperatures, their metabolism and respiration are most effective. Most weeds, on the other hand, are more effective at higher temperatures. In the heat of the summer, these weeds will out-compete the grass seedlings for resources.


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Is it best to plant a blend or straight seeds?

We recommend that you plant a blend of seeds (Sunny, Shady, Landscaper). These products contain a blend of cool season grasses, and the different grasses in the mixture offer a form of diversification to your lawn. If one variety does not make it, then the others will kick in to make a successful planting.

What is the difference between ‘98/85’ bluegrass and ‘85/80’ bluegrass?

There are 2 different categories of Kentucky blue grass, generally referred to as ‘98/85’ and ‘85/80’. The initial number refers to the purity of the seed, and the second number refers to the germination rate. For example, ‘98/85’ is a Kentucky bluegrass with 98% minimum purity and 85% minimum germination. The establishment of the ‘85/80’ category results from the fact that the Kentucky bluegrass seed is a very small seed, and there are economic benefits to not cleaning the seeds to the higher purity level of the ‘98/85’. We market ‘85/80’ bluegrass in our 7# box.

In addition to these two categories, there are many varieties of Kentucky bluegrass. Varietal designations require that the producers carefully segregate their seeds, and plant their fields with seeds of the designated variety. Performance Seed utilizes a number of different varieties in our blended grass seed products, including Ronde Kentucky Bluegrass, Kenblue Kentucky Bluegrass and Archer Perennial Ryegrass. If no variety is stated on the label, the product is considered to be ‘VNS’, or variety not stated. In general, all ‘85/80’ is VNS. A varietal seed is not necessarily a higher quality than a VNS seed. The purity and germination for the products are indicated on the label of the bag, and these are the most reliable indicators of quality.

Dormancy: In general, dormancy is brought on in cool season grasses like kentucky by excessively cool or hot temperatures (90 and above), or by lack of moisture. The lawn will turn brown, and it will green up with moisture or moderate temps, but there will probably be some mortality.

Dormant Seeding: One can plant seeds late in the fall when soil temperatures are less than 60 degrees. The seeds will then germinate the following spring when the ground warms up. This is a good way to plant because it helps to insure good seed to soil contact, but it is not without risk. If the seedlings are subjected to a hard freeze after emergence, they will die. This can occur if there is a substantial warm-up after planting in the fall, or there is a hard freeze after warm-up in the spring.

Color and Leaf Characteristics:

Product Color Blade
Width
Shade
Tolerance
Growth
Appearance
Colorize
Kentucky Dk Green thin low upright grows rhizomes
Annual
Rye
Dk Green thin low upright 1 seed = 1 plant
Perennial
Rye
med green med low upright 1 seed = 1 plant
Creeper med green thin high leans spreads slowly
Chewings med green thin high leans spreads slowly

Over-seeding:

Over-seeding patchy lawns is a great way to re-invigorate a lawn. Use about half of the amount recommended for a new lawn. It is important to make sure that the seeds have good soil contact to insure germination. It might be helpful to apply a light application of fertilizer.

Cool Season Grasses:

Cool season grasses are those grasses that are used in the northern part of the US – generally north of the Mason-Dixon line. These grasses will outperform weeds and other grasses when the temperatures are between 65 and 85 degrees F. When the temperatures begin to get into the 90’s, cool season grasses are less efficient than weeds, and will not perform as well. All of the grasses we sell – ryegrasses, Kentucky, creeper and chewings are cool-season grasses.

Fall Planting:

Fall is an excellent time to plant lawn seed. The fall temperatures are generally more moderate than in the spring, and the cool-season grasses will out-compete weeds for nutrients. The moderate temperatures make it easier to retain soil moisture as well, assisting germination.

Fresh Topsoil:

Be careful! Commercial soil products used to be fumigated with methyl bromide to kill off weed seeds. This is no longer done, so virtually all soil sold in bulk will contain weed seeds – and usually a lot of them. Planting grass seed on new topsoil will often yield a large crop of weeds.


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